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Induction and Fallacies of Induction Quiz #1

Robert Harris
Version Date: June 27, 2000

In each case, choose the single best answer.

1. The very day after I bought this rabbitís foot, I found a ten-dollar bill on the ground. How can you argue with that? Rabbitís feet obviously cause good luck.

a. ad populum
b. suppressed quantification
c. post hoc
d. causal reduction
e. valid/no fallacy

2. Lack of morality or pressure to succeed does not cause cheating; low self esteem causes cheating.

a. tu quoque
b. causal reduction
c. accident
d. dicto simpliciter
e. valid/no fallacy

3. John asked me to go to the play with him next week. That must mean that he loves me.

a. causal reduction
b. tu quoque
c. hasty generalization
d. dicto simpliciter
e. valid/no fallacy

4. An inductive argument would most likely appear in the form of

a. a syllogism
b. a set of generalizations
c. a post hoc correlation
d. a generalization based on several examples
e. loud shouting and harsh words, similar to other kinds of arguments

5. John Swardle ate a meal at the Kai San restaurant and died shortly thereafter. From what you have learned, these events could be explained logically by any of the following EXCEPT

a. a post hoc argument
b. true cause and effect
c. chance correlation
d. coincidence
e. an unrelated sequence of events

6. I bought a pen last week from Station-Ry, the office products store. The pen didnít work. Fred told me he bought a calculator from them awhile back and it was broken when he opened the package. And I saw a broken notebook there today. Station-Ry must sell junk merchandise.

a. accident
b. hasty generalization
c. cum hoc
d. non sequitur
e. valid/no fallacy

7. Earthquake experts are afraid that a temblor will soon hit Costa Mesa and wipe it off the face of the earth.

a. false cause
b. transference
c. suppressed quantification
d. misplaced authority
e. valid/no fallacy

8. Of course, the glass pyramid over my bed was helping me to sleep at night. It was stolen last week and I haven't been able to sleep since. That proves the power of pyramids to help people sleep.

a. post hoc
b. accident
c. hasty generalization
d. non sequitur
e. valid/no fallacy

9. She admitted to speeding on the way to the meeting. So it was a meeting of subversive anarchists after all.

a. post hoc
b. accident
c. hasty generalization
d. non sequitur
e. valid/no fallacy

10. The sign says, "Positively No Swimming." That means that if someone went swimming and began to drown, no lifeguards would be permitted to jump in and save the victim.

a. post hoc
b. accident
c. hasty generalization
d. non sequitur
e. valid/no fallacy


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Robert Harris is a writer and educator with more than 25 years of teaching experience at the college and university level. RHarris at virtualsalt.com